《西藏发展道路的历史选择》白皮书 (节选)

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《西藏发展道路的历史选择》白皮书  (节选)


历史上,藏族人民创造了辉煌的历史和文化,为丰富和发展中国历史、中华文化作出了贡献。但是,直到20世纪中期,西藏仍处于政教合一的封建农奴制统治之下,生产力水平极其低下,社会保守封闭、衰败落后。


西藏走上今天的发展道路,是现代文明发展的客观要求,顺应了人类社会进步潮流,符合中国国情和发展实际,符合西藏各族人民的根本利益。在这条道路上,西藏各族人民当家作主,成为国家、社会和自己命运的主人;西藏实现了由贫穷落后向富裕文明的跨越,以崭新姿态呈现在世人面前;西藏各族人民与全国人民和睦相处、和衷共济,共同创造幸福美好新生活;西藏以开放的姿态面向世界,积极吸纳人类文明优秀成果。

Down through the ages, the Tibetan people have created a brilliant history and culture, and contributed to the enrichment and development of Chinese overall history and culture. However, the social system of Tibet remained one of theocratic feudal serfdom until the mid-20th century, with an economy that was extremely underdeveloped, and a society that was conservative, closed and backward. 


Tibet's continual progress on its present path of development is one of the objective requirements of modern civilization. It accords with the progressive trend of human society, the prevailing conditions and the current reality in China, and the fundamental interests of all ethnic groups in Tibet. While following this path, the people of the numerous ethnic groups in Tibet have become masters of their country and their society, and critically, masters of their own destiny. Along the way, Tibet has been transformed from a poor and backward society to one that is advanced in both economy and culture. Along the way, the people of Tibet have found harmony and the means of working together with the people of other parts of China to create a better and happier life. And along the way, Tibet has opened to the rest of the world and begun to absorb the outstanding achievements of human civilization.



对外开放水平不断提高。西藏经济逐步由封闭型向开放型、由供给型向经营型转变,发展步伐基本上全国同步。目前,西藏已经融入全国统一的市场体系,来自全国和世界各地的商品源源不断地进入西藏,西藏特色商品也大量进入全国乃至世界市场。2013年,全区进出口总额为33.19亿美元,赴藏旅游人数达到1291万人次,其中境外游客22万人次

Tibet is becoming increasingly open to the outside world. Keeping abreast with other parts of China, Tibet has gradually evolved from being a closed type to being one that is open and market-oriented. Tibet has been fully incorporated into the national market system. While products from all over the nation and across the world flow into Tibet, the region's own characteristic products also move in large quantities to other parts of the country and further afield. In 2013, the total value of Tibet's foreign trade reached 3.319 billion U.S. dollars; and the region hosted 12.91 million tourists, including 220,000 from overseas.



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